Originally the Jats were herders who lived in area called Half (Iran). Five hundred years ago they migrated and came to Sind and Kutch in search for new grazing pastures. Some settled there and took up farming, they called themselves Garasia Jats. Others who became herders of cattle were known as Dhanetah Jats, while those choosing to devote themselves to studying the Koran were called Fakirani Jats.
The name Harijan was given by Mahatma Gandhi to the Meghwal people. They are originally from Marwar in Rajasthan but now live all over Kutch. They live in groups outside villages. Masters in weaving wool and cotton, their women do exquisite embroidery and appliqué work. Leather embroidery is another of their specialties.
The Ahir are descendants of Lord Krishna who lived in Gokul Mathura a thousand years ago. Now they are spread over north and northwestern India. There are four main types of Ahir, they are the Prantharia, the Machhoya, the Boureecha and the Sorathia. These communities are mainly of farmers who sell milk and ghee. Some of them have entered other professions like transport and salt manufacture.
The Rabari are a mysterious tribe unlike any other. Their lifestyle has piqued the curiosity of many a researcher. They are nomadic, and spend most of their time wandering with their herds. Their origins have been traced to Afghanistan and parts of Sind. Rabaris can be classified into three groups, Dhabaria, Vagadia and Kachhi. The Rabari women are treated with great respect in their families. They take care of the house; make pieces with beautiful embroidery as well sell these goods while the men spend time in the desert tending to their flocks of sheep and camels.